Philosophies Which Changed The World – Communism, Fascism, Capitalism, Objectivism, Realism etc


Capitalism is the philosophy which advocates an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of goods. Features of capitalism Investments are determined by private decision. There will be competition in the market and freedom for entry. Prices, production, and the distribution of goods are determined mainly by competition in a free market.


Communism is a philosophy advocating collective ownership and administration of the means of production, ownership and distribution of goods in a state-less society. Features of Communism: Group living in which there is no private property. Means of production are owned and controlled by the community(party). Goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed. …

Communism Read More »

Social Democracy

Social Democracy is the political philosophy that advocates a peaceful, evolutionary transition of society from capitalism to socialism, using established political processes. It rejects Marxism’s advocacy of social revolution. Social-democrats regard state regulation (without state ownership) sufficient to ensure economic growth and a fair distribution of income.


Libertarianism is a political philosophy which advocates that individuals should have complete freedom of action, provided their actions do not infringe on the freedom of others. Some Libertarians – oppose income tax and other government impositions. oppose social security programes and the postal service. oppose gun control. support the legalization of prohibited drugs.


Individualism is a political and social philosophy that emphasizes individual freedom. Main Advocates of Individualism Adam Smith,  Jeremy Bentham,  Alexis de Tocqueville etc. Philosophy of Individualism All values are human-centred. The individual is of supreme importance. All individuals are morally equal. Great value on self-reliance, on privacy, and on mutual respect. Opposes authority and to all manner of …

Individualism Read More »


Any philosophy which gives importance to group rather than individual. Examples : Communism, Socialism, Fascism etc.


Philosophy advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods. Features of Socialism: Group living in which there is no private property. Means of production are owned and controlled by the state. Early Socialism Advocated the need for non-coercive communities of people working non-competitively for the spiritual and physical well-being of …

Socialism Read More »


Authoritarianism is a philosophy similar to totalitarianism,  where is there is submission before authority and no or very less individual freedom of thought and action. Authoritarian governments usually lack a guiding ideology and may tolerate some pluralism in social organization.


The political philosophy in which one person or an oligarchy possesses absolute power without effective constitutional checks. There can be communist or fascist dictatorships.


Totalitarianism is the philosophy which advocates a form of government that subordinates all aspects of its citizens’ lives to the authority of the state, with a single leader (may not be a dictator) as the ultimate authority. Philosophies Similar To Totalitarianism But Not The Same : Fascism Authoritarianism Dictatorship


Fascism is political philosophy, that exalts nation or race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader. Features of Fascism State is above individual Dictatorial leader Racial Supremacy Autocratic government Forcible suppression of opposition Unquestioning obedience to the leader Often protects business and landowning elites Preserves class systems Fascism in World History: Fascist governments …

Fascism Read More »

Hello world!

Hello All! Wish you all good time here!