Fascism is political philosophy, that exalts nation or race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader.

Features of Fascism

  1. State is above individual
  2. Dictatorial leader
  3. Racial Supremacy
  4. Autocratic government
  5. Forcible suppression of opposition
  6. Unquestioning obedience to the leader
  7. Often protects business and landowning elites
  8. Preserves class systems

Fascism in World History:

Fascist governments of Italy (1922–43), Germany (1933–45), and Spain (1939–75) under Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Francisco Franco.