Individualism is a political and social philosophy that emphasizes individual freedom.

Main Advocates of Individualism

Adam Smith,  Jeremy Bentham,  Alexis de Tocqueville etc.

Philosophy of Individualism

  1. All values are human-centred.
  2. The individual is of supreme importance.
  3. All individuals are morally equal.
  4. Great value on self-reliance, on privacy, and on mutual respect.
  5. Opposes authority and to all manner of controls over the individual.
  6. Maximum freedom and responsibility for the individual.

Individualism reemerged during final decades of the 20th century with the defeat of fascism and the fall of communist regimes.